Uptick Follows Four Consecutive Months of Decreases
July 25, 2022 – The unemployment rate in the Silicon Valley region increased to 2.2% in June, which was higher than the rate in both April and May. The unemployment rate typically increases between May and June as the school year comes to an end and jobs associated with education decline. The only instances in the last 32 years when the unemployment rate declined between May and June in Silicon Valley was in 1996 and in 2020 during the pandemic when the initial large drop in employment began to steady. Silicon Valley employers decreased their workforce by just over 4,600 employees between mid-May and mid-June, while the labor force increased just slightly (+900 individuals) in the same time frame. The total labor force in the region is still over 44,000 below the February 2020 level.
Overall, employers have added more than 26,300 workers since January of this year and more than 96,100 since June 2021, according to analysis by Joint Venture Silicon Valley’s Institute for Regional Studies. The total number of unemployed in the region increased to 32,300 by mid-June, more than 137,600 lower than the total number of unemployed in Silicon Valley in April 2020. Total employment in the region is up more than 190,500 since April 2020 and the initial job losses associated with the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. Overall, job growth is 15.1% over the last 26 months. The unemployment rate in Silicon Valley in June was 3.2 percentage points lower than it was a year ago (June 2021), and 9.7 percentage points lower than April 2020.
The analysis follows the July 22nd release from the California Employment Development Department (EDD). National-level data for June was released by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) on July 8.
Information jobs represented the greatest month-over-month increase in the greater Silicon Valley region (two metropolitan statistical areas, or MSAs), outpacing Leisure and Hospitality.
Publishing Industries (except Internet) added 1,500 jobs as part of the larger sector from mid-May to mid-June. Leisure and Hospitality increased by 4,200 (+2.0%) jobs from mid-May to mid-June, with the majority of gains in Restaurants (+2,700, or +2.0%). Professional and Business Services was another sector with notable gains in the greater Silicon Valley region, adding 3,200 jobs.
“Seasonal cycles have meant that declining jobs in Educational Services and Local and State Government Education have contributed to the growth in the unemployment rate in Silicon Valley,” said Ryan Young, Research Manager for BW Research and an affiliated researcher at the Institute. “Meanwhile, Leisure and Hospitality continues to grow, representing nearly 100,000 jobs added since its nadir in April 2020.”
- Silicon Valley’s unemployment rate increased by 0.4 percentage points between May and June, following a 0.3 percentage point decrease over the prior one-month period. In June, the combined unemployment rate for Santa Clara and San Mateo Counties was 2.2%, compared to 2.2% for San Francisco, 2.6% for the Bay Area, 4.0% statewide, and 3.8% nationwide.
- As of mid-June, approximately 32,300 people in Silicon Valley’s labor force remained unemployed (9,200 in San Mateo County, and 23,100 in Santa Clara County), an increase of over 5,600 since mid-May, and a drop of approximately 45,000 since June 2021.
- The greater Silicon Valley employment levels between May and June (based on metro-area data, which includes San Francisco and San Benito Counties) increased most notably in Information (+4,600 jobs, or +2.0%), Leisure and Hospitality (+4,200, or +2.0%), Professional and Business Services (+3,200 jobs, or +0.6%), and Manufacturing (+2,500 jobs, or +1.2%).
- San Mateo maintains the lowest unemployment rate among California counties rising from 1.7% in May to 2.0% in June. Santa Clara, San Francisco, and Marin counties follow, each with a 2.2% unemployment rate.
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey (CPS) and Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS); California Employment Development Department (EDD)
Monthly unemployment rates are calculated using employment and labor force data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Statistics (CPS) and the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS). Rates are not seasonally adjusted. County-level and California data May 2022 and June 2022 are preliminary, and county-level data for March are from the California Employment Development Department July 22, 2022, release.
Silicon Valley includes Santa Clara & San Mateo Counties, unless otherwise noted.
For further reference
To access Silicon Valley’s online data hub, visit www.siliconvalleyindicators.org.
About the Silicon Valley Institute for Regional Studies
The Silicon Valley Institute for Regional Studies is the research arm of Joint Venture Silicon Valley, and is housed within the organization. The Institute provides research and analysis on a host of issues facing Silicon Valley’s economy and society. For more information, visit www.siliconvalleyindicators.org.
About Joint Venture Silicon Valley
Established in 1993, Joint Venture provides analysis and action on issues affecting the Silicon Valley economy and quality of life. The organization brings together established and emerging leaders—from business, government, academia, labor and the broader community—to spotlight issues, launch projects and work toward innovative solutions. For more information, visit www.jointventure.org.